American Water Crisis

Let’s Talk About the American Water Crisis

Water covers most of the earth surface, which is nearly 70%, but do you know only 3% of it is safe for human consumption. Water scarcity is a global concern and is affecting millions of people across the world, and North America is no exception. The water crisis is continuously rising in the US, and people below the poverty line are the most affected.

Future availability of the water depends on the current daily demand, and hence it is not just an environmental problem anymore. The effects of water shortage include lack of proper drinking water, Hunger resulting due to non-cultivation of food crops due to lack of water, Diseases and parasites and sanitation problems. So, what exactly are the causes of the water crisis and how can it be minimized.

Causes of Water Crisis

American Water CrisisSignificant causes of the water crisis in the US are Pollution, Overuse of water, Water wastage, Conflict over water bodies, distance from water bodies, greenhouse gases and destruction of water catchment areas. All the causes of water scarcity are due to human interference with the water cycle.

While natural calamities like floods and droughts play a major role, pollution is the major human-made cause of water shortage. Water is polluted and becomes unfit for human consumption when chemical wastes from industries are dumped into water bodies. Spillage of oil and fecal matter are also other reasons for contamination.

While the above are significant causes of water pollution, households are also contributing to the water shortage in their way. Wasteful flush toilets, generous showerheads and non-insulated pipes are the culprits causing water shortage. The water shortage already hits a few regions in the United States, and it won’t take too long to spread into other areas.

How to Save Water?

American Water CrisisSaving small amounts of water at the home front can help in dealing with a nationwide water crisis. Using less water and preventing water wastage can become a significant contribution to fighting water crisis. Replacing generous shower heads with sleek ones can save water while cutting down on the shower time can help to a great extent.

Composting toilets are another great way of saving water. These toilets are yet to gain popularity as they have been just launched, aiming to save water in both households and commercial buildings. The composting toilets require very little or no water to function efficiently. The toilets can save more than 6600 gallons of water per person in a year. The compost toilets are ideal for places where water, sewage connection and water treatment facilities are not available. They also work great for situations where consumption water needs to reduce to a possible extent. There are other toilets that are effective when it comes to saving water and we need to be aware of the crisis at hand and what we can do to help reduce water consumption in America.

What are Composting Toilets and How do they work?

The composting toilets are dry toilets that treat excreta via composting or aerobic processing decomposition to turn into hummus which can be used as compost for growing plants. The toilets involve little or no water at all. Professionals appreciate these toilets for less water consumption resulting in saving water.

Science Behind How a Generator Works

The Science Behind How a Generator Works

A generator is a device which generates electricity by converting mechanical energy into electrical energy. The fuel used for making power includes coal, oil, wind, natural gas and other sources. The complexity of the device increases with the increase in the output. The generators can be classified into three types; inverters, portable generators and standby generators. The generator works on faraday’s laws which states that whenever a conductor is placed in a magnetic field induces an electromagnetic field. The two primary elements of the generator are the motion of conductor placed in the magnetic field and a magnetic field.

The Working of a Generator

Science Behind How a Generator WorksIf you want to understand how a generator works, then we need to know what components make the generator and the basic principle on which it operates. According to Faraday’s law, any object which passes through a magnetic field is capable of generating electricity. Generators are made of copper materials and powerful magnets to create an electromagnetic field.

In the early years, the generators are attached to generators or hand crank, which triggers the movement. The generators were used to power homes, and turbines were required to run the generators to produce hydroelectricity. Today generators have come a long way and are used for a whole range of different things. From running the electricity for a whole house to generators used for camping to new technology with inverter generators that are super efficient and ultra quiet to run.

The generators consist of magnets with the magnetic field around triggers electric current every time it rotates. The continuous movement of the conductor generates a regular supply of electricity.

It is quite evident that the generator directly does not produce electrical energy but converts mechanical energy supplied to it with the help of moving electrical charges in the wire. The electric charges deliver the output as electricity.


The working of the generator which converts mechanical energy into electrical energy can be explained using a water pump example. The water pump is used to pump up the water from the underground or trigger the flow of water using electrical energy but does not on its product water.
The generator works on the same technology except it pushes electrons in place of water. The magnet in the generator pushes particles using particular force which results in converting mechanical energy into electric energy.

The Science Behind Working of Generator

The generator works on the electromagnetic induction phenomena, which is explained by Michael Faraday. Michael Faraday discovered the theory of electromagnetic induction in 1831, which states that when a conductor is placed in a magnetic field, voltage is induced in it. It is the same mechanism in the generator which produces mechanical energy in the turbine. The internal combustion engine is the primary source of mechanical energy in the generator. When electric voltage is produced as output, a part of it flows into the coil which creates a magnetic field.

The Faradays law discovered the interaction of a magnetic field with an electric circuit to produce electromotive force. The phenomenon is termed as electromagnetic induction.

Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction states that current will be induced in a conducting material when exposed to a magnetic field. The law of induction explains that the working principle of generators, inductors, motors and transformers. Faraday conducted an experiment using a magnet and coil and discovered the phenomenon of induction, and hence the law is named after him. During his investigation, he found that electromagnetic force is induced in the coil when the magnetic lines are passing through the conductor changes.

Faraday’s Experiment of Electromagnetic Induction

Science Behind How a Generator WorksIn this experiment, Faraday takes a coil, and a magnet connects the galvanometer. When the magnet is at rest there is no deflection shown by the needle in the galvanometer and is at zero position only. But, when the magnet is moved closer to the coil, the needle of the galvanometer shows a deflection in a specific direction.

However, holding the magnet in a stationery position does not record any deflection of the needle in the galvanometer, which means it returns to zero. Again, when the magnet is moved away from the coil in the opposite direction, there is a defection recorded in the galvanometer. But when left to remain in the same position, the needle points zero again. Similarly, when the magnet is kept stationary, and the coil is moved close to the magnet, the needle in the galvanometer deflects. The rapid change in the movement of the magnetic field, the higher is the EMF recorded in the coil.

From the above experiment, Michael Faraday concluded that whenever there is relative motion between a magnetic field and conductor the magnetic lines passing through the coil changes inducing a voltage across the coil. Making the above experiments as a basis, Michael Faraday formulated two laws on electromagnetic induction. These laws are known as Faraday’s laws of electromagnetic induction.

Faraday’s First Law

Science Behind How a Generator WorksChange in the magnetic field of a conductor will cause an electromagnetic force to be induced in the conductor and is called induced emf. And when the circuit is closed the current circulates in the circuit which is called induced current.

Faraday’s Second Law

Science Behind How a Generator WorksFaraday’s second law states that the magnitude of the electromagnetic force induced in the conductor is equal to the rate of change of magnetic field that links to the conductor.

Faraday’s laws are simple, basic and significant laws of electromagnetism. The law has its application in most of the machines that use electricity including generator, medical field, industries and others.

  • Faraday’s laws are the basis for the functioning of power transformers.
  • Faraday’s law of mutual induction forms the basis for the working of an electrical generator.
  • The induction cooker which is the fastest way of cooking works on the principle of mutual induction. The change in the magnetic field is produced when the current flows through the copper wire coil below the cooking container. The changing magnetic field induces electromagnetic force resulting in creating a current which turns into heat.
  • The velocity of certain fluids is measured using an electromagnetic flowmeter.
  • The electromagnetic induction is also used in musical instruments such as electric violin etc.

Apart from the above electromagnetic induction is used in many other electrical appliances.

Economic Benefits of Green City Clean Waters

The Economic Benefits of Green City Clean Waters

The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental protection along with the Philadelphia Water Department entered into a mutual agreement to address the issue of sewer overflows in the city of Philadelphia in 2011. The Consent order and agreement requires Philadelphia Water Department to implement and long term control plan known as Green City, Clean Waters which is a unique and never implemented approach designed to prevent sewer overflow based on green storm water infrastructure.

It is studied that combined sewer overflow occurs when both stormwater and sewer water flowing in the same pipe becomes uncontrollable and overflows into the waterway nearby. The situation may go uncontrollable when there are incessant rains and during snowmelts. In such conditions, the volume of the water in the pipe exceeds the system set capacity to get transported to the sewage treatment plan. Bacteria, human waste, debris and trash are present in the sewer overflows.

Economic Benefits of Green City Clean WatersGreen City, Clean Waters is the most feasible and economically affordable solution to reduce sewage overflows to rivers and streams in Philadelphia while adhering to Clean Water Act regulations. Green City, Clean Water has been ascertained as the most inexpensive alternatives when compared to others. This option provides a comprehensive solution to the city residents, the benefits of which include economic, social and environmental.

The main objective of Green City, clean waters is to improve the stormwater infrastructure in the city of Philadelphia and to make it an essential portion of the EPA targeted goal of reducing the polluted stormwater overflows which discharge into streams and rivers in and around Philadelphia. By 85% by the end of 2035. The use of green stormwater infrastructure results in clean water improvements along with other benefits such as reduced heat effects, increase in green spaces and employment.

The Philadelphia Water Department has successfully installed the targeted stormwater infrastructure after eight years to efficiently manage runoff of 800 impervious across the city’s combined sewer areas. However, the initial success of Green City, Clean Waters can be taken for granted.

The Philadelphia plan to reduce the overflow of combined sewer systems has been planned and implemented as Green City, Clean Waters. The program is executed efficiently to date. After eight years of execution, the water department has been successful in installing green stormwater infrastructure across the city to avoid sewage overflows.

Green City, Clean Waters is a significant deviation in the way we deal with stormwater in the city of Philadelphia. Installing green infrastructure to use the rainwater effectively to make the city green is the main objective of the plan. The funnelling of stormwater to recreate green spaces in the home, offices, commercial buildings, parks and other recreational places is all part of the Green City, Clean Water plan. It cannot be achieved in a few years and can take decades but fairly implemented Green City; Clean Waters plan can lower the stormwater pollution by 85% to deliver amazing results.

The sustainable business network of Greater Philadelphia has assigned a commission to articulate the economic impact of Green City and Clean waters. The act was the initiative of the Philadelphia water department that seeks to invest in projects of green stormwater initiatives throughout the city. The green city and clean waters act fulfil the established minimum quality requirements of water in an environmentally sustainable way. It is strategized in a way to have a positive impact on the local economy at the same time proves to be beneficial to the neighborhoods throughout Philadelphia.

The benefits of Green city and Clean waters include economic benefits, environmental benefits and equity benefits.

Environmental Benefits

Economic Benefits of Green City Clean WatersGreen infrastructures are known for less consumption of energy than the non-green/gray infrastructure, which results in improvement of quality of water, air and also helps in reducing carbon footprint. It enhances resilience and adaptability by providing a combined cooling effect.

Equity Benefits

Green infrastructure encourages the neighborhoods by creating more employment opportunities when compared to gray- infrastructure.There is several economic benefits of Green City, Clean Waters plan.

Economic Benefits

The green infrastructure of the city provides an affordable approach for both the city and ratepayers, helps in circulation of more money with the local community, businesses and improves the value of the properties.

Stormwater Fees

Economic Benefits of Green City Clean WatersGreen infrastructure projects can help business, non-residential organisations and institutions in reducing the stormwater rates by installing green infrastructure.

Green Business

Green City, Clean Waters plans can help boost your business and build goodwill for your projects when you demonstrate your green ethics’ to your customer. The green stormwater practices will keep waterways of your building clean.

Green Projects

The best way of improving the appearance of your property is by making your business eligible for green infrastructure projects.

Storm Water Regulation Act

All new businesses that are into development and redevelopment of infrastructure are mandatory to meet Philadelphia’s stormwater management regulation before implementing plans.

Cool Science Experiments You Can Do With Your Kids

7 Cool Science Experiments You Can Do With Your Kids

Are you looking for some science experiments you can do with kids? If yes, then below, we have listed some fun-filled science experiments that are easy but will be enjoyed by your kids. The curiosity and enthusiasm of kids make them natural scientists. They love to experiment, clarify things by asking questions and want to try how things work on their own. Why not encourage their curiosity by doing some cool science experiments with them. Many experiments can be carried out easily at home without scientific tools and devices. Here are 7 science experiments that can be carried out in your backyard at your home.

1. Dyed Flowers

Cool Science Experiments You Can Do With Your KidsHave you ever thought of dyeing natural flowers in your favourite colours? This experiment will tell you how to do it. All you need is white carnations, assorted food colours, medium-sized plastic cups, water and scissors.

Fill each plastic cup with water until it fills half of the container. Add a few drops of food colouring in each of the water-filled bowls. Make sure water in each cup is of a different colour to make the outcome a colourful one. Carefully cut the carnation flower stems up to an inch or two using scissors.

Now put each flower in a single cup. Wait for an hour or two to observe the colour of the petals. Leave the flowers in the bowl for a day. You will then find the flowers change their colours beautifully, which is the colour of the food colour used in the water.

2. Floating Egg

Have your kids ever wondered what happened to eggs when placed in a glass of water? You will need one egg, water, a cup of salt, a large drinking glass and a spoon. Fill half of the glass with water and place the egg in the water; it should sink. Remove the egg and add the entire salt to the water and mix well till it dissolves. Now place the egg again in the saltwater. What did you notice? Surprisingly the egg floats in the water. Add more freshwater to the saltwater carefully till the glass is full. If you place the egg now in the water, it will float between saltwater and freshwater. Isn’t it amazing?

3. Flying Ping Pong Ball

Cool Science Experiments You Can Do With Your KidsHave your kids ever saw ping pong ball flying in the air on its own. You need a hairdryer and a ping pong ball to make it fly. Plugin hairdryer and set it to a blower mode, if that is not available then set it to a hot air mode.

Turn on the dryer and place the ping pong ball near the air outlet of the dryer. The ball floats in the air just above the nozzle of the hairdryer. Try all the three settings; low medium and high, and see how the flying height of the pin pong ball changes for each setting.

4. Invisible Extinguisher

You can show your kid how an invisible extinguisher will turn the flame off in the cup without blowing it out. You will need a large drinking glass or a plastic container, small drinking glass or cup, tea light and lighter. Place the tea light in the small drinking glass and light it using the lighter.

Let the lighted candle stay in the glass. In a large drinking glass pour vinegar, then add baking soda in small quantities and wait for some time till the foam disappears. Tilt the large glass onto the small drinking glass with tea light holder; the flame is put out due to carbon dioxide released.

5. Super cool Soda

Cool Science Experiments You Can Do With Your KidsChill your soda in few minutes using this cool science experiment. You will need 2 bottles of water and drink or juice. Put the bottle into freezer for an hour. Now take it out and pour it over an ice cube in a large drinking glass, if it is super cool then the consistency will change to a thick liquid consistency. However, if it is still watery, place the bottle back in the freezer for a few minutes and repeat pouring it till the consistency is obtained.

6. Orange Fizz

Make your kids feel that orange fizz in their mouths with this orange fizz experiment. All you need is an orange and ½ teaspoon of baking soda. Peel and cut the orange into thin slices or sections. Dip a slice into the baking soda and ask the kids to chew them, their mouths start to feel the bubbly fizz inside. It is due to the mixing of acid and base.

Oranges are citrus fruits, and orange juice is acidic, and baking soda is alkaline and is a base. When the acid and base mixes, the mixture releases a lot of carbon dioxide in the form of bubbles which makes you feel the fizz in your mouth.

7. Dry Erase Picture Dance

Cool Science Experiments You Can Do With Your KidsShow your kids how easily you can erase a picture drawn in a plate without using an eraser. You will need a glass plate or a bowl; dry-erase market and water. Draw a small picture on the glass plate. A stick picture will be a good one for this. Slowly pour water into the dish from one side of the plate. You can notice that the stick picture is lifted and starts moving around in the plate.

The marker ink is a mixture of pigments and alcohol. When you pour water into the dish, the alcohol dissolves, leaving the pigment behind as solid. The smooth surface of the glass makes the solid slide along with the water. You can make the stick picture dance by swirling the water in the plate. Isn’t it unbelievable for the kids to watch?

Ways, the Clean Water Act, Can Benefits You

7 Ways, the Clean Water Act, Can Benefits You

Concerns of the public over dirty rivers made the U.S. Congress pass the Clean Water Act in 1972. The act was initially intended to protect the waters in the water bodies of the country from destruction and pollution. It also focused on improving the quality of the water in the water bodies across the nation, and on slowing the rate of loss of wetlands that are crucial for birds and wildlife.

The Clean Water Act of 1972 has achieved a lot since then right from keeping the pollution away from the water to reducing the rate of loss of wetlands. The act enabled the officials to keep away pollutants in many water bodies of the nation to meet the clean water goals. The achieved goals of the clean water act have proved to be highly beneficial to the public in the form of drinking water, public health and recreation.

The Clean Water Act made it mandatory for states to maintain clean water standards for various purposes which include drinking, fishing, swimming and regulated the pollution discharges into the water bodies. Unfortunately, even after 40 years of Clean Water Act, many water bodies across the nation remain polluted sewer overflows, agriculture and urban runoffs. Most of the nation’s streams are in poor health.

There are several ways the Clean Water Act can benefit you; we have discussed below the benefits for you to have understood them clearly.

1. Rule to prevent pollution

Ways, the Clean Water Act, Can Benefits YouThe Clean Water Act can control water pollution to a great extent by regulating the industries in dumping waste into the water bodies, imposing restrictions in sewage overflow and other things. The nation has seen a 12% increase in the suitability of the water for fishing since its enactment and 2001.

2. Drinking-Water

Whether the water pollution is due to breeding of toxic algae in the water or spilling of oil in the lake, clean water act can prove to be highly beneficial. A restored clean water act can prevent such things from happening or allow better enforcement when such things happen to ensure safe drinking water.

3. Playing in Water

Ways, the Clean Water Act, Can Benefits YouIf your kids or your pets love to play in the water, then toxic algae that breed in the water due to pollution can prove to be quite harmful to both. The Environment investigators of the nation have issued a warning about toxic algae breeding in one of the beautiful northwest lakes recently. The clean water act helps in protecting public health by protecting them from exposing to the poisonous chemicals bypassing strict rules.

4. Better Beer

If you are a beer person, then probably you know that beer is 90% water and clean water is crucial for making safe and better-tasting beer. Many beer brewing companies supported the clean water act as they know that clean water is vital for their product. Protecting clean water from pollution is essential to brewing a good beer.

5. Protecting Drinking Water Supplies

Ways, the Clean Water Act, Can Benefits YouOrdinary households are the ones that are affected if the clean water act is not implemented successfully. According to the studies, there are direct connections among lakes, streams, rivers, bays and wetlands. There is a critical need to protect these water bodies for the supply of safe drinking water for the economy and to help wildlife by providing the home.

6. Protect Wildlife and Migratory Birds

Clean water act prevents water bodies from getting polluted, which results in outbreaks. Wildlife and migratory birds depend much on healthy wetlands and water bodies, which are protected by passing strict rules under the act preventing waste dumping into the streams.

7. Protecting lakes and smaller water bodies

The clean water act not only helps in protecting big lakes and rivers but also small streams and canals from pollution. The act covers all the cities, towns and villages to ensure clean water free from pollution. However, the citizens have to continuously report and remind the officials the need for clean water by messaging them regularly. Once the officials are aware of the need for protecting the small water bodies, they can pass strict rules under the act to protect the water.

Importance of Environmental Chemistry

Importance of Environmental Chemistry

Environmental chemistry is a branch of chemistry that deals with the study of effect of chemicals on environment. These include the formation of compounds, how chemicals get into the environment, the changes they undergo once introduced into the environment, the number of chemicals in the environment and how they enter the organisms and other things from the environment and the damage they cause.

In other words, environmental chemistry deals with the effect of pollutants on the environment and the ways and means to reduce the contamination. This branch of chemistry is the study of pollutants behavior from the environmental point of view. The environmental chemistry is further classified into main areas; measurement of pollutants, and study of the behavior of the contaminants.

Environmental chemistry is vital as chemicals introduced into the environment proves to be harmful not only to the environment but also to human health and economy. We have discussed below why environmental chemistry is essential and how it benefits human health, environment and the economy.

Importance of Environmental Chemistry for Human Health

Importance of Environmental ChemistryEnvironmental chemistry helps to develop methods and procedures to reduce the contaminants or the chemicals in the air, which improves the quality of air. Cleaner air with fewer chemicals leads to less damage to the lungs. Several methods and preventive procedures have been developed with the help of environmental chemistry to reduce the release of hazardous substances into the water bodies, which leads to clean and recreational drinking water. The study also helped in reducing the risk for workers working in the chemical industries by inventing procedures which minimize the use of chemicals in manufacturing products.

Safer products with fewer chemicals are available for consumption purposes resulting in reduced chemical waste which results in less environmental pollution. This branch of chemistry also helps in introducing new ways of farming using fewer chemicals and more organic compounds to make safer food available for people across the world. It also helps to eliminate toxic chemicals from entering the food and food chain with the help of pesticides that are degradable and are toxic only to specific pests.

Importance of Environmental Chemistry for Environmental Safety

Importance of Environmental ChemistryMany chemicals are introduced into the environment from various sources which include pesticides, harmful emissions from factories and vehicles, in the form of chemical waste from industries and many others.

Environmental chemistry researches into the core cause and develops methods, techniques and tools that reduce the chemical disposal into the environment. The chemistry has also contributed to developing green chemicals that either degrade compounds to innocuous products or to recover them for further use. Reduced chemicals in the environment help plants and animals to suffer less from harmful chemicals. It also helps to reduce global warming by lowering the rate of ozone depletion and pollutant deposits in thickly populated places. It also contributes a lot to less use of hazardous landfills that are persistent.

Importance of Environmental Chemistry for Economy and Business

Importance of Environmental ChemistryEnvironmental chemistry is not only important to humans and the environment but is also crucial for business and economy. It helps in finding methods and techniques to speed up the chemical reactions using small amounts of reactants to deliver the same results and the same price of the product.

It also helps in reducing the number of synthetic steps which enables increased production, increase in the plant capacity while saving energy and water consumption. Using fewer chemicals for manufacturing the products results in reduced waste which results in reduced cost for disposing of chemical waste and toxic waste treatments. Environmental chemistry facilitates the replacement of new and purchased raw material with derivative waste material from other processes.

The environmental chemistry helps in developing methods and procedures which facilitates better performance by using less raw materials to achieve the desired results. It also helps in preventing the depletion of natural resources by reducing their use in the manufacturing industries. The greener products that are used by using environmental chemistry can generate more sales as they carry a safer product label.

There is a unique need for greener products, reducing chemical waste and hazardous landfills to make the earth a safe planet for humans, plants and animals.

The Principles of Green Chemistry Explained

The Principles of Green Chemistry Explained

Green chemistry is a branch of chemistry which focuses on preserving the environment using sustainable methods. Today many industries are focusing on carrying out manufacturing and other activities using products and processes which reduce both use and release of harmful substances. Green chemistry aims to reduce hazardous materials from the entire life cycle of a chemical product right from designing and manufacturing to distribution and disposal. The principles of green chemistry can be applied to every industry where chemicals are used.

Green chemistry aims at reducing the impact of various processes and methods on the environment by outlining certain principles. There are primary and secondary green chemistry principles that are formulated to minimize the effects of environmentally hazards substances.

The primary principle of green chemistry is reducing the production of toxic waste rather than to deal with waste produced.

Source Reduction

The Principles of Green Chemistry ExplainedThe basic principle of green chemistry is to prevent toxic waste formation than treating it once it is formed. This is also known as source reduction. The principles of green chemistry make essential concepts for the waste management industry, where the focus is on reducing waste creation altogether rather than dealing with waste disposal. Which means green chemistry helps source reduction. Source reduction is a way or reducing waste creation by limiting the toxicity of chemicals in the entire cycle of the product, which includes designing, manufacturing, packaging and usage.

The main aim of source reduction are; to reduce the overall matter of waste produced and to conserve natural sources by restricting the use of natural raw material. Hence source reduction helps in using pure raw materials for manufacturing products which are toxic free which results in the creation of less toxic free waste.

Atom Economy

Atom economy is nothing but the conversion efficiency of a chemical process at the atom level. It is one of the critical concepts of green chemistry and is used as a measurement unit for measuring the sustainability of a procedure or method. The principle aims at developing ways to maximize the use of pure material for making the final product.

Use of Less Hazardous Substances

The synthetic methods which aim to reduce toxicity in the final product should be able to use or generate material which is low in toxic substances and is environment friendly.

Use of Chemicals

The product that uses chemicals should be designed in a way that it should be able to deliver the desired outcome but at the same time, reduce the toxicity.

Use of Safer Solvents

The use of solvents should be minimized to reduce the toxicity in the end product. However, if it not possible to avoid solutions, it is recommended to use the ones that are safe or otherwise make them non-dangerous.

Energy Efficiency

The Principles of Green Chemistry ExplainedOne more important principle of Green energy is the less usage of energy as more and more energy generate can result in depletion of natural resources. Hence the principle states that minimum energy should be consumed for the process and use a combination of the right temperature and pressure to minimize the usage.

Renewable Raw material

The use of pure raw materials is required for manufacturing, designing, packaging and end-use of the products to reduce the chemical waste and to contribute to the green environment. But it is also necessary to use raw materials that are renewable wherever possible. The use of renewable raw material results in reduced wastage and enables to reuse of raw material waste during the process.

Reduce Dependency

Reduced derivatization is one of the principles that contribute to a green environment. Material or process dependency on other sources should be avoided as a dependency will require it obligatory to carry out a few different processes which may result in the release of more greenhouse gases. Hence derivatives should be avoided wherever not necessary.

Smart Catalysis

The processes which involve catalyst to speed up the rate of reaction are more effective when compared to responses which involve a quantitative relationship. Catalysis reactions use less quantity of reactants as it uses a catalyst to speed up the process, which contributes to the green environment.

Degradable Products

Chemical products should be designed in a way that the end the product should be a degradable or non-hazardous product and not an environmentally persistent product. The product, when disposed of, should be degradable.

Real-Time Monitoring

The Principles of Green Chemistry ExplainedThe process of chemical products should be monitored in real-time as any delay in the process may lead to the formation of dangerous substances. Real-time monitoring of the process will help to estimate the exact time for the process, which helps in taking necessary steps to ensure that no hazardous material is formed in due course.

Prevention of Accidents and Hazards

The chemical material used for the process should be chosen in a way to reduce the risk of hazards and accidents which include chemical reaction releases, fires and explosions.

How to Protect Your Home Against Floods

How to Protect Your Home Against Floods?

Flood is a natural calamity that cannot be prevented even if there are preventive measures in place. Floods sometimes result in loss of lives and also massive damage to the properties of both residential and commercial. Protecting properties can prevent damage to a great extent. Assessing the risk of flooding is crucial before working on how to protect your homes from flooding.

Once you have ascertained the level of risk in your area, then the amount of protection your home needs can be worked out. It is advisable to keep in place flood protection preparations throughout the year than just in the rainy season. Because flooding is a natural calamity and cannot be forecasted well in advance for you to make preparations. Flooding preparations for a home generally involve;

  • installation of the flood control system,
  • closing the cracks in the home foundations with sealants
  • and any emergency management steps suggested by your flood insurance agent.

How to Protect Your Home Against FloodsWe have discussed below how to protect your homes from flooding to prevent damage to your valuable property. May it be your home or workplace safeguard your property is the best way to prevent loss or damage. Once you have assessed the risk of flooding, you need to ensure that your home is safe by taking proper steps to protect your home. Your home needs to be made flood-proof, which can involve anything from expensive renovations to low-cost essential maintenance. The protections steps that you take will depend on the current condition of your home and how prepared it is for flood protection.

Renovations to Your Home to Make it Floodproof

Whether you are building a new home in an area with flood risk or did not build one to protect it from floodwaters, then you may need to start renovating your home to make it flood-proof. Making your home flood-proof will minimize the damage. Here are a few things which you need to do to protect your home from floodwater.

Raising Your Home Level

Increasing the home level above the flood level is the best way of preventing flood water into your home. However, the process is quite expensive as you will need to raise on stilts and piers. But preventing floodwater from entering your home will save your home from potential damage.

Foundation Vents

Foundation vents are vents made into your property which help the water to flow through your home instead of stagnating, which relieves the water from exerting pressure on the walls. The vent provides both an inlet and outlet for the water to flow freely without being obstructed.

Sump Drainers

How to Protect Your Home Against FloodsElectrical sump drainers help you to drain out water from basements where floodwater generally pool up. Sump pumps can be operated using electricity outlet or can use battery backup. It is always advisable to have a sump pump with battery backup so that you can still drain water out when there is a power blackout.

Leak Detectors, Sealants and Coatings

Leak detectors helps you to locate leaks and cracks in the walls, roofs , window sills and doorways and seal them to prevent water from entering your home. Leakproof coatings and sealants can protect your home from water logging during floods. Waterproof coatings prevent walls from absorbing the moisture and sealants fill the gaps in foundation, windows, walls and doorways to avoid floodwaters entering into your home through the cracks.

Lifting the Electricity main box and switches to a safe height

Lifting your electricity mains, switch boxes and switches to a safe elevation above the flood level prevents short circuits and fuse outs in floods. Electrical wires in the water can result in significant damage to the property.

Check Valves on Water Pipes

It is not uncommon during floods that sewage water enters the regular water supply pipes resulting in sewage water entering pipes of homes. Installing check valves on the water pipes helps you to cut out sewage water entering your daily water supply pipes. It is recommended to have gate valves installed as they are useful in sealing the pipe than flap valves.

Clay Soil for Titling Gardens

If your garden titles to your house during floods, then it can result in rainwater pooling around your home. Using a heavy soil with a high content of clay and sand will absorb the water at the same time, the surface water empties into a street gutter or other appropriate place.

Pointing out Downspouts Away from Your Home

How to Protect Your Home Against FloodsThe runoff water from your gutter should be pointed away from your house to ensure that the water is not pooled around your house. If water pools around corners of your home, it may cause leaks in the basement.
Above preventive measure can protect your home from water entering your home in case of floods.

However, in addition to the above, it is advisable to raise the level of appliances, both internal and external above the flood level to keep them safe and functional. Appliances such as air conditioners, generators, washing machines, dishwashers, drying machines and water heaters are few household appliances that need to raise to a safe level.

How to Increase the Energy Efficiency of Homes

How to Increase the Energy Efficiency of Homes?

Energy efficiency is nothing but the use of less energy to carry out the same job resulting in reducing waste of energy. There are several benefits of energy benefits, but most prominent among them are reducing greenhouse emissions, lowering the demand for energy imports and lowering household energy costs.

You can increase energy efficiency and save money when you take specific effective measures that reduce the load on the energy systems in the building. These include installing heating and venting systems that perfectly fits your household requirements, right size appliances as oversized appliances and equipment can result in increased costs and low performance.

How to Increase the Energy Efficiency of HomesWalls, doors, ceiling, attic and windows are five critical parts of the house that need to be focused on increasing the energy efficiency of homes. Heating equipment, appliances and lighting are the things that need to be targeted next. Environmentally friendly energy generation is the third and final things that need focus.

We have discussed below how to improve the energy efficiency of homes by paying attention to certain factors.

Insulation of Attic and Walls

Trapping the heat or coolness inside the house in summers and winters helps the system in effectively heating or cooling the home using less energy. Absence of wall insulation or cavities in the wall will result in consuming more energy to heat or cool the house. An unfinished attic is another area to focus on increasing energy efficiency, but an insulated attic, on the contrary, helps increase energy efficiency.

The energy efficiency of the house also depends on the type of material used for insulation, often inferior material results in consuming more energy as such materials are inferior in conducting the heat. Foam insulation, fibreglass and cellulose are few superior materials that increase energy efficiency.

Replacement/ Repair of Windows

How to Increase the Energy Efficiency of HomesOld and leaky windows in the home should be replaced in time with the latest energy efficiency models to increase energy efficiency. There are cost-effective energy-efficient windows available on the market, but window replacement may not always be cheap. But one should consider windows replacement as an investment, as it results in cost savings in the long term. If you want to increase your savings, then single glazed windows are the best.

Boiler Upgrade

Upgrading your old and inefficient boilers is a great way to improve the energy efficiency of your home. Inefficient boilers may add up to your energy bills. Upgrading them with the advanced energy-efficient boilers can save you the right amount on energy bills in the long run. 60% of carbon emissions in a home with the gas heating system is emitted from boilers, so by having an energy-efficient boiler reduces the emissions significantly. The energy efficiency of boilers are rated from A to G; A is energy efficient G is the least energy efficient. If the boiler at your home is not energy efficient, then it will be wise to consider it is replacing it with the energy-efficient one to save on your energy bills. One way to do this is to install a gas tankless water heater in your house which is one of the most energy efficient water heater methods and is a much better way to heat water than a normal boiler.

Energy-Efficient Air Conditioners

How to Increase the Energy Efficiency of HomesAir conditioners at home are used for cooling indoors and retaining the required moisture in the room by removing the heat. The air conditioner is operated throughout the winters needs to be energy efficient if you want to save on energy bills. The unit needs to be selected based on the area that needs to be cooled and the outside temperature. Having an energy-efficient rated air conditioner unit installed can save you a considerable amount in the long term.


Water-Saving Showerhead

Bathtubs can use a lot of water and showerheads can cut down water consumption significantly. But more extended baths in electric shower heads can result in higher energy consumption which adds up to your energy bills. A water-saving showerhead will help you to cut down on the amount of water and energy consumption.

Touchless Kitchen Faucets

Investing in a touchless kitchen faucet is another way to save water and energy in your home. Having a touchless faucet that automatically turns the water off when you are no longer using it will save your home water in the long run.  There are of course other benefits of touchless kitchen faucets but what sets them apart is the eco factor that we deem very important.

Invest In Eco-Kettles

Electric kettles are the most common household appliances that are used to boil the water for making hot beverages. If you are the one that boil kettle full of water o make a cup of coffee, then you probably are wasting a lot of energy. You can save on energy by heating only required water by investing in an eco-kettle which uses 30% energy compared to other kettles. Just like eco-kettles, choosing other household appliances such as washing machines, television sets, dishwashers, clothes dryers and refrigerators that are energy efficient increases the energy efficiency of homes.

Solar Panels

How to Increase the Energy Efficiency of HomesFinally generating green energy will prevent households from importing power. Solar panels are the best way to generate electricity to meet household requirements. Making green energy not only lowers the demand for energy imports but also saves you a lot on your energy bills. In most developed countries, solar panel installation for homes is supported the government funding. Energy generated from solar panels can be used for heating water in the tanks which accounts for the significant household power consumption. The advanced solar panels generate electricity even when it is cloudy outside.

Thick Curtain Insulators

Although energy efficiency can be increased by using double glazed doors and windows, using thick curtains for doors and windows can prevent heat or cooling from escaping your home. Thick door curtains are simple solutions to increase energy efficiency. Today thick insulation curtains are readily available on the market in standard sizes for you to buy and put them to use instantly. The thick insulating curtains help you to save the right amount on energy bills.

Smart Thermostats

Do you know how much energy each appliance and equipment consumes when you operate it? Probably not. When you know how much energy is consumed and what your energy bill is likely to be, then you will try to use it watchfully and try to cut down on the usage. Smart thermostats are the best way to increase energy efficiency. The meter displays energy consumption in your home as and when you are using the appliances, conditioning and heating units.

Drink a Glass of Lemon Water in The Morning

Science Tells What Happens to Your Body When You Drink a Glass of Lemon Water in The Morning

A glass of lemon water in the morning is an age-old remedy suggested mostly by our elders to treat various ailments. Yes, certainly there are numerous health benefits of lemon water and science explains the benefits by telling us what exactly lemon water does to the body.

So, What Exactly is Lemon Water?

Drink a Glass of Lemon Water in The MorningLemon water is lemon juice squeezed into a glass of warm water. Nowadays people add other ingredients to the drink such as mint leaves, lemon rind and others but consuming lemon juice with water is just fine to avail the benefits. But the amount of lemon juice depends on the person’s taste and likes. But make sure the drink is not boiling as excess heat can compromise on the nutritional values.

Whether it is for health reasons, beauty reasons or taste reasons, lemon water has become an extremely popular beverage among people of all ages. The drink claims to boost the immune system, improve energy levels, mood and metabolism. Let us now see what benefits your body gets from lemon water according to science.

Improves Digestive Health

A healthy digestive system contributes a lot to stay healthy. Lemon is rich in pectin fibre which is good for colon health. A glass of lemon juice with warm water will facilitate natural bowel movement resulting in the elimination of toxic waste from the body.

Maintains Balance of Minerals in the body

Lemon water helps in maintaining the right balance of minerals in the body. Much before energy drinks and rehydration salts were launched, lemon water was in use to replace nutrients lost in the body due to dehydration. Any exercise will result in loss of minerals like sodium, chloride, potassium etc. through sweat. These minerals can be replaced and rebalanced quickly and effectively by drinking lemon water.

Promotes Eye Health

The citrus fruits are packed with antioxidants and vitamin c, which work together to promote eye health. Lemons are rich in Vitamin C and Antioxidants which protect eyes against macular degeneration and cataracts.

Keeps Your Skin Young and Supple

Drink a Glass of Lemon Water in The MorningWe all know that water is the key to keep your body hydrated and also the skin. Dry skin is often the result of lack of proper hydration to the skin. While a glass of water every morning keeps your skin hydrated, adding lemon juice energizes your skin. The lemon juice rich in oxidants detoxifies the skin and helps in fighting wrinkles and blemishes to give your skin a smooth and evenly toned look.

Boosts Liver Health

Maintaining good a healthy liver is crucial for your overall health, and lemon water works great to maintain optimum liver health. Lemon water helps in improving enzyme release in the liver to flush out toxins from the body. The citric acid in the lemon juice helps in removing harmful bacteria from the body and promotes good health.

Helps Optimal functioning of Brain, Heart and Kidney

Potassium is an essential mineral that our body requires to maintain the optimum health of crucial organs. Potassium is needed quantities can facilitate top-level functioning of brain, heart, kidneys and muscles. Most of us know that bananas are rich potassium what we least know is that lemons are also rich in potassium. Lemon water rich in potassium promotes heart, kidney, brain and muscle health.

Prevents you from Cold and Flu

Lemon is rich in Vitamin C is reputed for fighting the cold, flu and other immunity related issues. Drinking lemon water every day reduces the incidence of colds, flu and other viral infections and helps you stay healthy even in coldest seasons.

Fights Inflammation

Drink a Glass of Lemon Water in The MorningThere are reasons why inflammation occurs in the body other than injury. Excess deposits of uric acid can also cause inflammation. Excess uric acid may be a result of high acidic levels of the body, and the acidic condition needs to be neutralized by consuming alkaline foods. Lemon juice is highly alkaline and helps in neutralizing the acids to fight inflammation by reducing uric acid deposits. So drinking a glass of lemon water regularly will bust inflammation.

Maintain PH Balance in the Body

The acidic nature of the lemons, but once they are absorbed into the body fluids, it tends to have an alkalizing effect on the body tissues. If you are wondering it is a good thing then yes because too much of acidity in the body can lead to the development of various diseases such as high cholesterol, diabetes and even cancers. Drinking lemon water regularly helps in neutralizing acids in the body tissue to prevent infections.

Improves Metabolism

Do you know that low metabolism is the cause of obesity in most people? Lower metabolism rates facilitate fat deposits in the body in fat prone areas such as abdomen, thighs and lower back areas. Lemon is an excellent accompaniment for diet changes and exercise for weight loss. The pectin fiber present in lemon increases metabolism and also reduces hunger cravings. Lemon water daily will help you to lose weight by boosting metabolism.

Super Charges Your Body

Drinking lemon water can give an energy boost and can replace other caffeinated beverages that are used for supercharging your brain. Lemon helps you to have a refreshing and relaxing day apart from increasing your alertness throughout the day.

With the above-discussed benefits, you are convinced to include lemon water in your daily routine. But if you are lazy to squeeze lemon juice every morning for drinking lemon water then, fortunately, there are citrus juicers available just for people like you.

How Citrus Juicers Makes Your Job Easy?

Two types of citrus juicers are available in the market; manual and electric. The modern citrus juicers are powered by electricity and can squeeze every possible drop from lemons in just a few minutes. Now you can wake up every morning to have refreshing lemon water with lemon juice extracted from freshly squeezed lemons easily to avail numerous health benefits.

Watermelon health benefits

Watermelon: Health Benefits, Risks & Nutrition Facts

Watermelons are one of the popular and loved fruit all over the world. The significant, juicy, green on the outside and red inside the fruit is irresistible for people of all ages. The plant grows in a warm region and is a long-season crop. The watermelon originates from Kalahari Desert of Africa and has made its way to most of the countries by the end of the 10th century, including China, Asia and the U.S.

What Makes Watermelons Special?

Watermelon health benefitsWatermelon has a high content of water, to be precise, the fruit has 92% of water. No wonder travellers used to carry watermelons in replacement of water. Today the fruit is available in various shapes and sizes. Today watermelons come with both red and yellow pulp. If you have always enjoyed the sweet taste of the watermelon, then here are more reasons why you can enjoy the fruit often. Here are a few health benefits that you can avail when you consume the fruit.

Health Benefits

Hydrates the Body

It is a well-known fact that water keeps our body hydrated and consumption of adequate water is crucial for our health. Watermelons with more than 90% of water help to keep your body hydrated and makes you feel full, with the water content. The fruit is also rich in fibre, making it a healthy, low-calorie fruit option for weight-conscious people.

Loaded with Vitamin C and Minerals

Watermelon health benefitsWatermelon is rich in antioxidants mainly Vitamin C, reputed for preventing cell damage from free radicals. Apart from Vitamin C antioxidants present in the fruit include Carotenoids, Lycopene and Cucurbitacin E. Potassium and Magnesium present in the watermelon helps regulate blood sugar and lower blood pressure.

Cancer Preventive

Lycopene present in the watermelon is known for its anti-cancerous effects. Although it is not clear, some studies reveal that lycopene intake can reduce the incidence of stomach-related cancers by lowering insulin levels.

Promotes Cardio Health

The minerals and compounds present in the watermelon such as Lycopene, Magnesium and potassium have shown to improve heart health. The fruit contains citrulline an amino acid which proves to be facilitating the increase of nitric oxide levels in the body, which is beneficial for lowering blood pressure.

Improves Skin and Hair Health

While water in the fruit keeps your skin hydrated, vitamin C helps to keep your skin supple by producing adequate collagen, a skin repair protein. Vitamin A in the fruit helps skin repair and renew the cells. Lycopene and beta-carotene prevent sunburn, which is present in considerable amounts in the watermelon.

Prevents Constipation

The high-water content and the fibre present in the watermelon improves digestion which results in the elimination of toxic waste in the body. The fruit aids healthy digestion and promotes natural bowel movement.


We have discussed how beneficial watermelons are for our health. But not to forget anything in excess can result in health problems. Watermelons, when consumed in excess, can pose certain health risks which are highlighted below;

  • Excess consumption of watermelon can result in stomach bloating, gas, flatulence and diarrhoea.
  • Although the fruit is considered healthy, too much consumption may increase the sugar levels in the blood due to its high glycaemic index.
  • It can cause liver inflammation in people who consume alcohol regularly, as the lycopene present in the fruit reacts with alcohol causing liver inflammation.
  • Excess intake of watermelon can lead to water intoxication, which may result in low sodium levels in the body and water retention in vital organs.
  • Potassium present in the watermelon promotes heart health, but too much of potassium may lead to electrolyte imbalance giving rise to cardiovascular issues such as weak pulse and irregular heartbeat.

Nutritional Facts

Watermelon health benefitsThe nutritional facts of watermelon for 100gms of serving is as follows.

  • Water – 91%
  • Fiber – 0.4 grams
  • Fat – 0.2 grams
  • Protein – 0.6 grams
  • Carbs – 7.6 grams
  • Sugar – 6.2 grams
  • Calories – 30 per serving

How much watermelon is ideal to consume?

How much watermelon a person can consume varies from person to person. A person who loves the fruit can happily enjoy even 500gms. But make sure to note the amount of sugar and calories you are consuming when you are increasing the portion. Enjoying the watermelon in small quantities will help you to maximize the health benefits.