The Principles of Green Chemistry Explained

The Principles of Green Chemistry Explained

Green chemistry is a branch of chemistry which focuses on preserving the environment using sustainable methods. Today many industries are focusing on carrying out manufacturing and other activities using products and processes which reduce both use and release of harmful substances. Green chemistry aims to reduce hazardous materials from the entire life cycle of a chemical product right from designing and manufacturing to distribution and disposal. The principles of green chemistry can be applied to every industry where chemicals are used.

Green chemistry aims at reducing the impact of various processes and methods on the environment by outlining certain principles. There are primary and secondary green chemistry principles that are formulated to minimize the effects of environmentally hazards substances.

The primary principle of green chemistry is reducing the production of toxic waste rather than to deal with waste produced.

Source Reduction

The Principles of Green Chemistry ExplainedThe basic principle of green chemistry is to prevent toxic waste formation than treating it once it is formed. This is also known as source reduction. The principles of green chemistry make essential concepts for the waste management industry, where the focus is on reducing waste creation altogether rather than dealing with waste disposal. Which means green chemistry helps source reduction. Source reduction is a way or reducing waste creation by limiting the toxicity of chemicals in the entire cycle of the product, which includes designing, manufacturing, packaging and usage.

The main aim of source reduction are; to reduce the overall matter of waste produced and to conserve natural sources by restricting the use of natural raw material. Hence source reduction helps in using pure raw materials for manufacturing products which are toxic free which results in the creation of less toxic free waste.

Atom Economy

Atom economy is nothing but the conversion efficiency of a chemical process at the atom level. It is one of the critical concepts of green chemistry and is used as a measurement unit for measuring the sustainability of a procedure or method. The principle aims at developing ways to maximize the use of pure material for making the final product.

Use of Less Hazardous Substances

The synthetic methods which aim to reduce toxicity in the final product should be able to use or generate material which is low in toxic substances and is environment friendly.

Use of Chemicals

The product that uses chemicals should be designed in a way that it should be able to deliver the desired outcome but at the same time, reduce the toxicity.

Use of Safer Solvents

The use of solvents should be minimized to reduce the toxicity in the end product. However, if it not possible to avoid solutions, it is recommended to use the ones that are safe or otherwise make them non-dangerous.

Energy Efficiency

The Principles of Green Chemistry ExplainedOne more important principle of Green energy is the less usage of energy as more and more energy generate can result in depletion of natural resources. Hence the principle states that minimum energy should be consumed for the process and use a combination of the right temperature and pressure to minimize the usage.

Renewable Raw material

The use of pure raw materials is required for manufacturing, designing, packaging and end-use of the products to reduce the chemical waste and to contribute to the green environment. But it is also necessary to use raw materials that are renewable wherever possible. The use of renewable raw material results in reduced wastage and enables to reuse of raw material waste during the process.

Reduce Dependency

Reduced derivatization is one of the principles that contribute to a green environment. Material or process dependency on other sources should be avoided as a dependency will require it obligatory to carry out a few different processes which may result in the release of more greenhouse gases. Hence derivatives should be avoided wherever not necessary.

Smart Catalysis

The processes which involve catalyst to speed up the rate of reaction are more effective when compared to responses which involve a quantitative relationship. Catalysis reactions use less quantity of reactants as it uses a catalyst to speed up the process, which contributes to the green environment.

Degradable Products

Chemical products should be designed in a way that the end the product should be a degradable or non-hazardous product and not an environmentally persistent product. The product, when disposed of, should be degradable.

Real-Time Monitoring

The Principles of Green Chemistry ExplainedThe process of chemical products should be monitored in real-time as any delay in the process may lead to the formation of dangerous substances. Real-time monitoring of the process will help to estimate the exact time for the process, which helps in taking necessary steps to ensure that no hazardous material is formed in due course.

Prevention of Accidents and Hazards

The chemical material used for the process should be chosen in a way to reduce the risk of hazards and accidents which include chemical reaction releases, fires and explosions.

How to Increase the Energy Efficiency of Homes

How to Increase the Energy Efficiency of Homes?

Energy efficiency is nothing but the use of less energy to carry out the same job resulting in reducing waste of energy. There are several benefits of energy benefits, but most prominent among them are reducing greenhouse emissions, lowering the demand for energy imports and lowering household energy costs.

You can increase energy efficiency and save money when you take specific effective measures that reduce the load on the energy systems in the building. These include installing heating and venting systems that perfectly fits your household requirements, right size appliances as oversized appliances and equipment can result in increased costs and low performance.

How to Increase the Energy Efficiency of HomesWalls, doors, ceiling, attic and windows are five critical parts of the house that need to be focused on increasing the energy efficiency of homes. Heating equipment, appliances and lighting are the things that need to be targeted next. Environmentally friendly energy generation is the third and final things that need focus.

We have discussed below how to improve the energy efficiency of homes by paying attention to certain factors.

Insulation of Attic and Walls

Trapping the heat or coolness inside the house in summers and winters helps the system in effectively heating or cooling the home using less energy. Absence of wall insulation or cavities in the wall will result in consuming more energy to heat or cool the house. An unfinished attic is another area to focus on increasing energy efficiency, but an insulated attic, on the contrary, helps increase energy efficiency.

The energy efficiency of the house also depends on the type of material used for insulation, often inferior material results in consuming more energy as such materials are inferior in conducting the heat. Foam insulation, fibreglass and cellulose are few superior materials that increase energy efficiency.

Replacement/ Repair of Windows

How to Increase the Energy Efficiency of HomesOld and leaky windows in the home should be replaced in time with the latest energy efficiency models to increase energy efficiency. There are cost-effective energy-efficient windows available on the market, but window replacement may not always be cheap. But one should consider windows replacement as an investment, as it results in cost savings in the long term. If you want to increase your savings, then single glazed windows are the best.

Boiler Upgrade

Upgrading your old and inefficient boilers is a great way to improve the energy efficiency of your home. Inefficient boilers may add up to your energy bills. Upgrading them with the advanced energy-efficient boilers can save you the right amount on energy bills in the long run. 60% of carbon emissions in a home with the gas heating system is emitted from boilers, so by having an energy-efficient boiler reduces the emissions significantly. The energy efficiency of boilers are rated from A to G; A is energy efficient G is the least energy efficient. If the boiler at your home is not energy efficient, then it will be wise to consider it is replacing it with the energy-efficient one to save on your energy bills. One way to do this is to install a gas tankless water heater in your house which is one of the most energy efficient water heater methods and is a much better way to heat water than a normal boiler.

Energy-Efficient Air Conditioners

How to Increase the Energy Efficiency of HomesAir conditioners at home are used for cooling indoors and retaining the required moisture in the room by removing the heat. The air conditioner is operated throughout the winters needs to be energy efficient if you want to save on energy bills. The unit needs to be selected based on the area that needs to be cooled and the outside temperature. Having an energy-efficient rated air conditioner unit installed can save you a considerable amount in the long term.

 

Water-Saving Showerhead

Bathtubs can use a lot of water and showerheads can cut down water consumption significantly. But more extended baths in electric shower heads can result in higher energy consumption which adds up to your energy bills. A water-saving showerhead will help you to cut down on the amount of water and energy consumption.

Touchless Kitchen Faucets

Investing in a touchless kitchen faucet is another way to save water and energy in your home. Having a touchless faucet that automatically turns the water off when you are no longer using it will save your home water in the long run.  There are of course other benefits of touchless kitchen faucets but what sets them apart is the eco factor that we deem very important.

Invest In Eco-Kettles

Electric kettles are the most common household appliances that are used to boil the water for making hot beverages. If you are the one that boil kettle full of water o make a cup of coffee, then you probably are wasting a lot of energy. You can save on energy by heating only required water by investing in an eco-kettle which uses 30% energy compared to other kettles. Just like eco-kettles, choosing other household appliances such as washing machines, television sets, dishwashers, clothes dryers and refrigerators that are energy efficient increases the energy efficiency of homes.

Solar Panels

How to Increase the Energy Efficiency of HomesFinally generating green energy will prevent households from importing power. Solar panels are the best way to generate electricity to meet household requirements. Making green energy not only lowers the demand for energy imports but also saves you a lot on your energy bills. In most developed countries, solar panel installation for homes is supported the government funding. Energy generated from solar panels can be used for heating water in the tanks which accounts for the significant household power consumption. The advanced solar panels generate electricity even when it is cloudy outside.

Thick Curtain Insulators

Although energy efficiency can be increased by using double glazed doors and windows, using thick curtains for doors and windows can prevent heat or cooling from escaping your home. Thick door curtains are simple solutions to increase energy efficiency. Today thick insulation curtains are readily available on the market in standard sizes for you to buy and put them to use instantly. The thick insulating curtains help you to save the right amount on energy bills.

Smart Thermostats

Do you know how much energy each appliance and equipment consumes when you operate it? Probably not. When you know how much energy is consumed and what your energy bill is likely to be, then you will try to use it watchfully and try to cut down on the usage. Smart thermostats are the best way to increase energy efficiency. The meter displays energy consumption in your home as and when you are using the appliances, conditioning and heating units.

American Water Crisis

Let’s Talk About the American Water Crisis

Water covers most of the earth surface, which is nearly 70%, but do you know only 3% of it is safe for human consumption. Water scarcity is a global concern and is affecting millions of people across the world, and North America is no exception. The water crisis is continuously rising in the US, and people below the poverty line are the most affected.

Future availability of the water depends on the current daily demand, and hence it is not just an environmental problem anymore. The effects of water shortage include lack of proper drinking water, Hunger resulting due to non-cultivation of food crops due to lack of water, Diseases and parasites and sanitation problems. So, what exactly are the causes of the water crisis and how can it be minimized.

Causes of Water Crisis

American Water CrisisSignificant causes of the water crisis in the US are Pollution, Overuse of water, Water wastage, Conflict over water bodies, distance from water bodies, greenhouse gases and destruction of water catchment areas. All the causes of water scarcity are due to human interference with the water cycle.

While natural calamities like floods and droughts play a major role, pollution is the major human-made cause of water shortage. Water is polluted and becomes unfit for human consumption when chemical wastes from industries are dumped into water bodies. Spillage of oil and fecal matter are also other reasons for contamination.

While the above are significant causes of water pollution, households are also contributing to the water shortage in their way. Wasteful flush toilets, generous showerheads and non-insulated pipes are the culprits causing water shortage. The water shortage already hits a few regions in the United States, and it won’t take too long to spread into other areas.

How to Save Water?

American Water CrisisSaving small amounts of water at the home front can help in dealing with a nationwide water crisis. Using less water and preventing water wastage can become a significant contribution to fighting water crisis. Replacing generous shower heads with sleek ones can save water while cutting down on the shower time can help to a great extent.

Composting toilets are another great way of saving water. These toilets are yet to gain popularity as they have been just launched, aiming to save water in both households and commercial buildings. The composting toilets require very little or no water to function efficiently. The toilets can save more than 6600 gallons of water per person in a year. The compost toilets are ideal for places where water, sewage connection and water treatment facilities are not available. They also work great for situations where consumption water needs to reduce to a possible extent. There are other toilets that are effective when it comes to saving water and we need to be aware of the crisis at hand and what we can do to help reduce water consumption in America.

What are Composting Toilets and How do they work?

The composting toilets are dry toilets that treat excreta via composting or aerobic processing decomposition to turn into hummus which can be used as compost for growing plants. The toilets involve little or no water at all. Professionals appreciate these toilets for less water consumption resulting in saving water.