Flood is a natural calamity that cannot be prevented even if there are preventive measures in place. Floods sometimes result in loss of lives and also massive damage to the properties of both residential and commercial. Protecting properties can prevent damage to a great extent. Assessing the risk of flooding is crucial before working on how to protect your homes from flooding.
Once you have ascertained the level of risk in your area, then the amount of protection your home needs can be worked out. It is advisable to keep in place flood protection preparations throughout the year than just in the rainy season. Because flooding is a natural calamity and cannot be forecasted well in advance for you to make preparations. Flooding preparations for a home generally involve;
- installation of the flood control system,
- closing the cracks in the home foundations with sealants
- and any emergency management steps suggested by your flood insurance agent.
We have discussed below how to protect your homes from flooding to prevent damage to your valuable property. May it be your home or workplace safeguard your property is the best way to prevent loss or damage. Once you have assessed the risk of flooding, you need to ensure that your home is safe by taking proper steps to protect your home. Your home needs to be made flood-proof, which can involve anything from expensive renovations to low-cost essential maintenance. The protections steps that you take will depend on the current condition of your home and how prepared it is for flood protection.
Renovations to Your Home to Make it Floodproof
Whether you are building a new home in an area with flood risk or did not build one to protect it from floodwaters, then you may need to start renovating your home to make it flood-proof. Making your home flood-proof will minimize the damage. Here are a few things which you need to do to protect your home from floodwater.
Raising Your Home Level
Increasing the home level above the flood level is the best way of preventing flood water into your home. However, the process is quite expensive as you will need to raise on stilts and piers. But preventing floodwater from entering your home will save your home from potential damage.
Foundation vents are vents made into your property which help the water to flow through your home instead of stagnating, which relieves the water from exerting pressure on the walls. The vent provides both an inlet and outlet for the water to flow freely without being obstructed.
Electrical sump drainers help you to drain out water from basements where floodwater generally pool up. Sump pumps can be operated using electricity outlet or can use battery backup. It is always advisable to have a sump pump with battery backup so that you can still drain water out when there is a power blackout.
Leak Detectors, Sealants and Coatings
Leak detectors helps you to locate leaks and cracks in the walls, roofs , window sills and doorways and seal them to prevent water from entering your home. Leakproof coatings and sealants can protect your home from water logging during floods. Waterproof coatings prevent walls from absorbing the moisture and sealants fill the gaps in foundation, windows, walls and doorways to avoid floodwaters entering into your home through the cracks.
Lifting the Electricity main box and switches to a safe height
Lifting your electricity mains, switch boxes and switches to a safe elevation above the flood level prevents short circuits and fuse outs in floods. Electrical wires in the water can result in significant damage to the property.
Check Valves on Water Pipes
It is not uncommon during floods that sewage water enters the regular water supply pipes resulting in sewage water entering pipes of homes. Installing check valves on the water pipes helps you to cut out sewage water entering your daily water supply pipes. It is recommended to have gate valves installed as they are useful in sealing the pipe than flap valves.
Clay Soil for Titling Gardens
If your garden titles to your house during floods, then it can result in rainwater pooling around your home. Using a heavy soil with a high content of clay and sand will absorb the water at the same time, the surface water empties into a street gutter or other appropriate place.
Pointing out Downspouts Away from Your Home
The runoff water from your gutter should be pointed away from your house to ensure that the water is not pooled around your house. If water pools around corners of your home, it may cause leaks in the basement.
Above preventive measure can protect your home from water entering your home in case of floods.
However, in addition to the above, it is advisable to raise the level of appliances, both internal and external above the flood level to keep them safe and functional. Appliances such as air conditioners, generators, washing machines, dishwashers, drying machines and water heaters are few household appliances that need to raise to a safe level.