Water covers most of the earth surface, which is nearly 70%, but do you know only 3% of it is safe for human consumption. Water scarcity is a global concern and is affecting millions of people across the world, and North America is no exception. The water crisis is continuously rising in the US, and people below the poverty line are the most affected.
Future availability of the water depends on the current daily demand, and hence it is not just an environmental problem anymore. The effects of water shortage include lack of proper drinking water, Hunger resulting due to non-cultivation of food crops due to lack of water, Diseases and parasites and sanitation problems. So, what exactly are the causes of the water crisis and how can it be minimized.
Causes of Water Crisis
Significant causes of the water crisis in the US are Pollution, Overuse of water, Water wastage, Conflict over water bodies, distance from water bodies, greenhouse gases and destruction of water catchment areas. All the causes of water scarcity are due to human interference with the water cycle.
While natural calamities like floods and droughts play a major role, pollution is the major human-made cause of water shortage. Water is polluted and becomes unfit for human consumption when chemical wastes from industries are dumped into water bodies. Spillage of oil and fecal matter are also other reasons for contamination.
While the above are significant causes of water pollution, households are also contributing to the water shortage in their way. Wasteful flush toilets, generous showerheads and non-insulated pipes are the culprits causing water shortage. The water shortage already hits a few regions in the United States, and it won’t take too long to spread into other areas.
How to Save Water?
Saving small amounts of water at the home front can help in dealing with a nationwide water crisis. Using less water and preventing water wastage can become a significant contribution to fighting water crisis. Replacing generous shower heads with sleek ones can save water while cutting down on the shower time can help to a great extent.
Composting toilets are another great way of saving water. These toilets are yet to gain popularity as they have been just launched, aiming to save water in both households and commercial buildings. The composting toilets require very little or no water to function efficiently. The toilets can save more than 6600 gallons of water per person in a year. The compost toilets are ideal for places where water, sewage connection and water treatment facilities are not available. They also work great for situations where consumption water needs to reduce to a possible extent. There are other toilets that are effective when it comes to saving water and we need to be aware of the crisis at hand and what we can do to help reduce water consumption in America.
What are Composting Toilets and How do they work?
The composting toilets are dry toilets that treat excreta via composting or aerobic processing decomposition to turn into hummus which can be used as compost for growing plants. The toilets involve little or no water at all. Professionals appreciate these toilets for less water consumption resulting in saving water.